- tin (tĭn)n.1. Symbol Sn A crystalline, silvery metallic element obtained chiefly from cassiterite, and having two notable allotropic forms. Malleable white tin is the useful allotrope, but at temperatures below 13.2°C it slowly converts to the brittle gray allotrope. Tin is used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion and is a part of numerous alloys, such as soft solder, pewter, type metal, and bronze. Atomic number 50; atomic weight 118.71; melting point 231.93°C; boiling point 2,602°C; specific gravity (gray) 5.77, (white) 7.29; valence 2, 4. See PERIODIC TABLE(Cf. ↑Periodic Table).2. Tin plate.3. A container or box made of tin plate.4. Chiefly British a) A container for preserved foodstuffs; a can. b) The contents of such a container.tr.v. tinned, tin·ning, tins 1) To plate or coat with tin. 2) Chiefly British To preserve or pack in tins; can.adj. 1) Of, relating to, or made of tin. 2) a) Constructed of inferior material. b) Spurious.╂ [Middle English, from Old English.]Word History: The origins of the word tin may date to a time before Western Europe was settled by speakers of Germanic, Celtic, and other branches of the Indo-European language family. Related words for this metal are found in almost all Germanic languages, such as German Zinn, Swedish tenn, and Old English tin (the source of the Modern English word). Together, these Germanic words suggest the reconstruction of a Proto-Germanic word *tinam, "tin," but no other branch of Indo-European language family has a word exactly comparable to this. Latin has a vaguely similar-sounding word for tin, stagnum (also spelled stannum), that may have been borrowed from a Celtic source. These facts suggest that the Germanic word for tin may originate in a pre-Indo-European language of Western Europe. This possibility is supported by the Bronze Age importation to the Near East of tin and copper from Western Europe. There are relatively few rich deposits of tin in the earth's crust, and production of bronze in the ancient world was limited by the availability of tin. During the Bronze Age, the civilizations of the Near East and the Mediterranean area depended on relatively few sources to provide the tin needed to make bronze. The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus, writing in the 1st century BC, explains that much ancient tin came from deposits in Cornwall in Britain. From there, it was shipped through Gaul to supply the rest of the Mediterranean world. At the time when the early Indo-European peoples began to move westward from their homelands in Eastern Europe—sometime after 4000 BC—they had probably just mastered early techniques of bronze production, in which arsenic rather than tin is alloyed with copper. Tin, however, makes a much superior kind of bronze, and the early Indo-European peoples may have borrowed words for tin from local peoples who were already trading in tin ingots or working the tin deposits of Western Europe.
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Tin — is a chemical element with the symbol Sn ( la. stannum) and atomic number 50. This silvery, malleable poor metal that is not easily oxidized in air and resists corrosion, is found in many alloys and is used to coat other metals to prevent… … Wikipedia
TIN — /tin/, n. taxpayer identification number. * * * Metallic chemical element, chemical symbol Sn, atomic number 50. It is a soft, silvery white metal with a bluish tinge, employed since antiquity in the traditional form of bronze, its alloy with… … Universalium
Tin — Tin, n. [As. tin; akin to D. tin, G. zinn, OHG. zin, Icel. & Dan. tin, Sw. tenn; of unknown origin.] 1. (Chem.) An elementary substance found as an oxide in the mineral cassiterite, and reduced as a soft silvery white crystalline metal, with a… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Tin Oo — est un nom birman ; les principes des noms et prénoms ne s appliquent pas ; U et Daw sont des titres de respect. Tin Oo (né en 1927 et souvent appelé Thura Tin Oo ou U Tin Oo) est un général birman en retraite, ancien commandant en chef … Wikipédia en Français
TIN — Tin was essential for the production of bronze, which is an alloy of copper and tin. It was always a precious commodity and, like all metals, had to be imported to Mesopotamia. The first experiments in casing true tin bronze occurred in the… … Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia
tin — /tɪn / (say tin) noun 1. a low melting, metallic element nearly approaching silver in colour and lustre, used in making alloys and in plating. Symbol: Sn; relative atomic mass: 118.69; atomic number: 50; density: 7.31 at 20°C. 2. tin plate. 3.… … Australian English dictionary
tin — [ tɛ̃ ] n. m. • 1465; du moy. fr. tin, tind ♦ Mar. Pièce de bois qui supporte la quille d un navire en construction. ⇒ béquille, billot, chantier. Tin de ber. ⊗ HOM. Tain, teint, thym. ● tin nom masculin Pièce de bois soutenant la quille d un… … Encyclopédie Universelle
tin — O.E. tin, from P.Gmc. *tinom (Cf. M.Du., Du. tin, O.H.G. zin, Ger. Zinn, O.N. tin), of unknown origin, not found outside Germanic. Other Indo European languages often have separate words for вЂњtinвЂќ as a raw metal and вЂњtin plate;вЂќ e.g. Fr.… … Etymology dictionary
tin — [tin] n. [ME < OE, akin to Ger zinn; only in Gmc languages] 1. a soft, silver white, crystalline, metallic chemical element, malleable at ordinary temperatures and used in making shiny alloys and tinfoils, solders, utensils, tin plate,… … English World dictionary
TIN — taxpayer identification number Nolo’s Plain English Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill, Kathleen Thompson Hill. 2009. TIN … Law dictionary